Are turmeric and curcumin the same thing?

1. What are So Popular Turmeric and Curcumin?

Turmeric: It belongs to the ginger family, so its smell is somewhat similar to ginger, but compared to ginger, it has a fresh breath, which is a bit similar to southern ginger. Turmeric has a pungent texture and some sweetness. It can be said to be rich in aroma, so it has been used as a dietary spice for a long time.

According to the provisions of “GB 1886.60 National Food Safety Standard Food Additive Turmeric”, turmeric is extracted from the rhizome of the turmeric family Turmeric as raw material, and can be made into turmeric as a food additive by extraction and purification.

The active ingredients in turmeric are volatile oil and Curcumin. Curcumin is a low-molecular-weight polyphenolic compound that was first isolated from turmeric in 1870.

According to the “GB 1886.76 National Food Safety Standard Food Additive Curcumin”, Curcumin is a food additive obtained by extracting organic solvents from the turmeric rhizomes of the ginger family and extracting them with physical methods.

Current studies have found that curcumin has a wide range of pharmacological activities such as antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, lipid-lowering, anti-viral, anti-infective, anti-tumor, anticoagulant, anti-fibrotic, and anti-atherosclerotic. It has low toxicity and small adverse reactions.

2. Current Status of Turmeric and Curcumin Regulations

Turmeric approved for use as health food by Ministry of Health [Notice of the Ministry of Health on Further Regulating the Management of Raw Materials for Health Food (Wei Fa Jian Fa [2002] No. 51)
According to the “GB 2760 National Food Safety Standard Food Additive Standard”, turmeric and curcumin can be used as colorants in food.
According to GB / T 12729.1-2008 Names of Spices and Condiments, Turmeric is a spice
US FDA: Turmeric can be added to food as a food colorant [21CFR 73.600].
European Commission: Curcumin is added to food as a food colorant; on October 18, 2018, the European Union refused to approve a claim that curcumin helps maintain the normal function of joints [COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 2018/1556].

3. Application of Turmeric and Curcumin

Application of turmeric and curcumin in common food
Turmeric and curcumin products have now become the mainstream trend in the market development, and the market for related dietary supplements, food and beverage products has continued to grow. Relevant data show that as of March 24, 2019, the United States launched products with turmeric as the main functional component, which increased by 13%. The multi-channel market with turmeric specialties has also increased significantly, with an annual growth rate of approximately 20% for each channel.

Application of turmeric and curcumin in health food
According to the regulations of the State Food and Drug Administration, there are about 107 kinds of health products approved in China that contain turmeric or curcumin. The claimed health functions mainly include strengthening immunity, auxiliary protection for chemical liver injury, and antioxidant , To help lower blood lipids, to help blood sugar and anti-mutation.

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